I suggest you go into the garden and look carefully, approach the deciduous trees. Now, before the leaves have fallen, it is easy to see where there are problems. Broken branches from gusts of wind, dried branches from moniliosis and other diseases, how much the leaf is damaged by pests or diseases. Analyzing these signs, you can make a decision whether it is possible to leave the fallen leaf in the garden, or if it is infected and damaged, it is necessary to take it out of the garden? Dry branches in the autumn garden are still clearly visible against the background of leaves, you can start sanitary pruning. During pruning, it is desirable to make smooth, clean cuts without notches in dry weather, at plus air temperature, before the onset of persistent frosts.
After the leaves have fallen, the trunks of deciduous trees must be inspected and cleaned of the old bark,moss and lichens, can be mechanically brushed, can be treated with a solution of iron sulfate. Insecticides are used against pests, fungicides are used against spores of fungal diseases. Consult with a specialist, which will be effective in your case.
Autumn feeding for plants should not include nitrogen or fresh manure. Feed fruit trees after harvesting, berry trees and decorative plants – in late September, early October. The main components of top dressing are potassium, phosphorus and trace elements. After feeding, abundant watering is recommended, even if it is raining. Under the crowns, the soil is not sufficiently moistened during rain.
To protect the roots from freezing, it is useful to sprinkle the circles near the trunk with peat,
humus or compost. Young fruit trees and newly planted decorative, coniferous plants need warming of the trunk circles. When persistent sub-zero temperatures occur, it is advisable to cover the stem circles with any agrofibre or spruce branches.
In order to prevent the breaking of bushes and conifers from wet snow, it is advisable to tie them up for the winter. If possible, it is necessary to shake off wet snow from the branches of tall trees to avoid breaking branches and loss of decorativeness.
Plants that are not frost-resistant enough in our region must be covered with agrofiber when persistent frosts of minus 10 degrees occur. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the insulation in cloudy weather to avoid sunburn.
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